Saturday, 31 December 2011

ELIZABETH I - PIRATES, SUITORS & PRETENDERS


  Read the notes and watch the videoclips from ELIZABETH, THE GOLDEN AGE

   
Elizabeth's reign (1558 -1603) coincided with the beginning of the British Empire. It was partly Elizabeth's support for the navy that led to England becoming one of the most powerful nations in europe, continuing a policy started by her grandfather Henry VII. Connected to the Empire was the exploration of new lands. Among the most famous explorers were Sir Francis Drake, who circumnavigated the earth between 1577
and 1580, and Sir Walter Raleigh, who brought tobacco and potatoes to England from America. 

VIDEOCLIP 1 - ELIZABETH,  SUITORS AND RALEIGH

In the first clip from the movie ELIZABETH - THE GOLDEN AGE, as well as Queen Elizabeth's first meeting with Sir Walter Raleigh,  you'll see an example of the enormous pressure she had to bear from her Council to marry one of the kings or princes still available in Europe. However, Elizabeth never married and was known as the "Virgin Queen". 





VIDEOCLIP 2 - ELIZABETH AND MARY STUART


Elizabeth surrounded herself with intelligent councillors who became part of her Privy Council, formed by about 20 members, including her chief advisers, William Cecil and Francis Walsingham.
In 1570 the Pope Pius V excommunicated Elizabeth and urged loyal Catholics to depose her. This led to the suppression of several plots against her, the most famous of which was centred on the Catholic queen of Scotland, Mary Stuart, who was a pretender to the English throne. Mary was imprisoned for 20 years and eventually executed in 1587. 
 





VIDEOCLIP 3 - ELIZABETH AND THE SPANISH ARMADA

Spain was one of Elizabeth's main rivals and her main military success was the victory of the English fleet against the Spanish Armada in 1588.

The naval war between the two powers had began during the reign of Elizabeth with a series of pirate raids by English adventurers such as Francis Drake and John Hawkins. Along the coast of Spanish America, they attacked the vessels carrying silver mined in Peru back to Seville in Spain; silver which in turn was used to finance the war against England. Elizabeth's support and sponsoring of Drake's successes against the Spaniards gradually became more overt until, after one particularly successful expedition, she knighted him (an act that was more or less an open declaration of war on the Spanish fleet).  In the historic battle of 1588, the English navy defeated the Spanish Armada, which Philip II of Spain had sent to invade England. 
England was now the greatest naval power in the world and Elizabeth's position in history was assured. 



No comments:

Post a Comment